Betta Feeding Tips: How Often and How Much Do You Feed Your Betta?

April 30, 2014 by
Filed under: Betta Fish 101 

Betta fish (Betta splendens), also popularly known as Siamese fighting fish, are well loved for their brilliant colors. Bettas are often recommended as a beginner fish because it is relatively easy to care for. They are natural inhabitants of rice paddies in Thailand, Laos, and surrounding areas.


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When feeding juvenile Bettas, it is best to have at least two hours in between feedings. Feeding time usually lasts for about two minutes, thus feed your Betta only what it can consume within that specific period of time.

As for adult Bettas, once a day feeding is already sufficient to meet its daily dietary needs.

What to feed your Betta fish

Betta fish are carnivores and their feeding regimen is quite diverse, ranging from pellets specially formulated for Bettas to live and frozen brine shrimp and bloodworms.

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Some types of food for Betta fish include:

• Betta fish pellets – specially formulated for Bettas and quite easy to find at pet stores.

• Fish flakes – quite cheap however some Bettas don’t like them; Freeze-dried food – these are often viewed as Betta treats; include freeze dried bloodworms and brine shrimp. These type of food should be given only as treats, thus in moderation, because some Bettas may not go back to eating pellets after they had these.

• Live food – quite expensive; include live bloodworms or mosquito larvae, and brine shrimp

• Frozen food – quite expensive; often used by breeders to feed their Bettas.

Betta fish prefer live food; however, it is more convenient and cheaper to give them freeze dried food. Feeding live food to Betta can be a challenge since it’s quite expensive, and needs to be kept alive until fed to the fish.

Overfeeding should be avoided since it can have negative consequences to your Betta, as well as the water quality in the tank. During feedings, it is recommended to give one pellet at a time, making sure that the fish consumes each pellet. Any uneaten food should be removed after each feeding period, since it can settle in the bottom of the tank, rot, and pollute the tank, creating an unhealthy environment for your Betta, and increasing its risk to specific health problems.

Another important reason why Betta should not be overfed is its tendency to become fat. Fat Bettas usually have a noticeable bulge around its ventral or front fins.

One important thing to remember when feeding live food to Bettas—bloodworms are known carriers of disease and parasites, thus be sure to wash worms thoroughly before feeding them to your fish.

When buying fish flakes, don’t buy ones with artificial coloring, especially “red 3 dye”, for this has been shown to make Bettas more aggressive, and “Yellow 6 lake” which has been considered a carcinogen. Being water soluble, dyes in fish food can also discolor the water if the fish is unable to consume the food that was given. Some fish flakes also contain wheat gluten, which is often added as filler, and can cause constipation. Constipation can interfere with your Betta’s swim bladder.

About the Author:

Peter Hartono is the founder and CEO of Just Aquatic – a proud Australian company that provides excellent online aquarium supplies for hobbyists to build their own betta fish tanks, nano tanks, fish ponds, freshwater shrimp tanks and other DIY aquarium tanks.


NOTE: The above article is written by an independent author and may not represent the views of The Refined Fin


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